It enables running MS Windows executables in Linux.
Now lets see the manual of wine service.Manual wine:NAME
wine - run Windows programs on UnixSYNOPSIS
wine program [arguments ... ]
For instructions on passing arguments to Windows programs, please see the PROGRAM/ARGUMENTS section of the man
wine loads and runs the given program, where the program is a DOS, Windows 3.x, or Win32 executable (x86 binaries
For debugging wine, use winedbg instead.
For running CUI executables (Windows console programs), use wineconsole instead of wine. This will display all the
output in a separate windows (this requires X11 to run). Not using wineconsole for CUI programs will only provide
very limited console support, and your program might not function properly.
When invoked with --help or --version as the only argument, wine will simply print a small help message or its version
respectively and exit.PROGRAM/ARGUMENTS
The program name may be specified in DOS format ( C:WINDOWSSOL.EXE) or in Unix format ( /msdos/windows/sol.exe
). You may pass arguments to the program being executed by adding them to the end of the command line invoking
wine (such as: wine notepad C:TEMPREADME.TXT). Note that you need to '' escape special characters (and
spaces) when invoking Wine via a shell, e.g.
wine C:Program FilesMyPrgtest.exeENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
wine makes the environment variables of the shell from which wine is started accessible to the windows/dos processes
started. So use the appropriate syntax for your shell to enter environment variables you need.
If set, the content of this variable is taken as the name of the directory where wine stores its data (the
default is $HOME/.wine ). This directory is also used to identify the socket which is used to communicate
with the wineserver. All wine processes using the same wineserver (i.e.: same user) share certain things
like registry, shared memory, and config file. By setting WINEPREFIX to different values for different wine
processes, it is possible to run a number of truly independent wine processes.
Specifies the path and name of the wineserver binary. If not set, Wine will try to load /usr/local/bin/wineserver,
and if this doesn't exist it will then look for a file named "wineserver" in the path and in a few
other likely locations.
Specifies the path and name of the wine binary to use to launch new Windows processes. If not set, Wine will
try to load /usr/local/bin/wine, and if this doesn't exist it will then look for a file named "wine" in the
path and in a few other likely locations.
Turns debugging messages on or off. The syntax of the variable is of the form [class][+/-]channel[,
class is optional and can be one of the following: err, warn, fixme, or trace. If class is not specified,
all debugging messages for the specified channel are turned on. Each channel will print messages about a
particular component of wine. The following character can be either + or - to switch the specified channel
on or off respectively. If there is no class part before it, a leading + can be omitted. Note that spaces
are not allowed anywhere in the string.
will turn on all warning messages (recommended for debugging).
will turn on DLL warning messages and all heap messages.
will turn off all FIXME messages, turn on cursor warning messages, and turn on all relay messages
will turn on all relay messages. For more control on including or excluding functions and dlls from
the relay trace look into the [Debug] section of the wine configuration file.
For more information on debugging messages, see the Running Wine chapter of the Wine User Guide.
Specifies the path(s) in which to search for builtin dlls and Winelib applications. This is a list of directories
separated by ":". In addition to any directory specified in WINEDLLPATH, Wine will also look in
Defines the override type and load order of dlls used in the loading process for any dll. The default is set
in the configuration file. There are currently two types of libraries that can be loaded into a process'
address space: Native windows dlls ( native ), wine internal dlls ( builtin ). The type may be abbreviated
with the first letter of the type ( n, b ). Each sequence of orders must be separated by commas.
Each dll may have its own specific load order. The load order determines which version of the dll is
attempted to be loaded into the address space. If the first fails, then the next is tried and so on. Multiple
libraries with the same load order can be separated with commas. It is also possible to use specify different
loadorders for different libraries by separating the entries by ";".
The load order for a 16-bit dll is always defined by the load order of the 32-bit dll that contains it
(which can be identified by looking at the symbolic link of the 16-bit .dll.so file). For instance if
ole32.dll is configured as builtin, storage.dll will be loaded as builtin too, since the 32-bit ole32.dll
contains the 16-bit storage.dll.
Try to load comdlg32 and shell32 as native windows dll first and try the builtin version if the
native load fails.
Try to load the libraries comdlg32 and shell32 as native windows dlls. Furthermore, if an application
request to load c:oobarbaz.dll load the builtin library baz.
Try to load comdlg32 as builtin first and try the native version if the builtin load fails; load
shell32 always as builtin and comctl32 always as native.
Specifies the X11 display to use.FILES
The wine program loader.
The wine program loader for CUI (console) applications.
The wine server
The wine debugger
Directory containing wine's shared libraries
Directory containing the DOS device mappings. Each file in that directory is a symlink to the Unix device
file implementing a given device. For instance, if COM1 is mapped to /dev/ttyS0 you'd have a symlink of the
form $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/com1 -> /dev/ttyS0.
DOS drives are also specified with symlinks; for instance if drive D: corresponds to the CDROM mounted at
/mnt/cdrom, you'd have a symlink $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d: -> /mnt/cdrom. The Unix device corresponding to a
DOS drive can be specified the same way, except with '::' instead of ':'. So for the previous example, if
the CDROM device is mounted from /dev/hdc, the corresponding symlink would be $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d:: ->
wine is available thanks to the work of many developers. For a listing of the authors, please see the file AUTHORS
in the top-level directory of the source distribution.COPYRIGHT
wine can be distributed under the terms of the LGPL license. A copy of the license is in the file COPYING.LIB in
the top-level directory of the source distribution.BUGS
A status report on many applications is available from http://appdb.winehq.org. Please add entries to this list
for applications you currently run.
Bug reports may be posted to Wine Bugzilla http://bugs.winehq.org If you want to post a bug report, please read the
file documentation/bugs.sgml in the wine source to see what information is necessary
Problems and suggestions with this manpage please also report to http://bugs.winehq.orgAVAILABILITY
The most recent public version of wine can be downloaded from http://www.winehq.org/download
The latest snapshot of the code may be obtained via GIT. For information on how to do this, please see
WineHQ, the wine development headquarters, is at http://www.winehq.org. This website contains a great deal of
information about wine.
For further information about wine development, you might want to subscribe to the wine mailing lists at