swat Linux Service

What is swat?
swat Linux service

Explanation

swat service:

Samba Web Administration Tool. Web based Samba administration.
Required(ON/OFF): View complete List of Services
Home PC : NO
Server : NO

Now lets see the manual of swat service.
Manual swat:
NAME
swat - Samba Web Administration Tool
SYNOPSIS
swat [-s ] [-a]
DESCRIPTION
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.
swat allows a Samba administrator to configure the complex smb.conf(5) file via a Web browser. In addition, a swat configuration page has help links to all the configurable options in the smb.conf file allowing an administrator to easily look up the effects of any change.
swat is run from inetd
OPTIONS
-s smb configuration file
The default configuration file path is determined at compile time. The file specified contains the configuration details required by the smbd(8) server. This is the file that swat will modify. The information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf for more information.
-a This option disables authentication and putsswat in demo mode. In that mode anyone will be able to modify the smb.conf file.
WARNING: Do NOT enable this option on a production server.
-V Prints the program version number.
-s <configuration file> The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name is determined at compile time.
-d|--debug=debuglevel
debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified is zero.
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of information about operations carried out.
Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.
Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log level parameter in the smb.conf file.
-l|--logfile=logdirectory
Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log file is never removed by the client.
-h|--help
Print a summary of command line options.
INSTALLATION
Swat is included as binary package with most distributions. The package manager in this case takes care of the installation and configuration. This section is only for those who have compiled swat from scratch.
After you compile SWAT you need to run make install to install the swat binary and the various help files and images. A default install would put these in:
/usr/local/samba/sbin/swat
/usr/local/samba/swat/images/*
/usr/local/samba/swat/help/*
Inetd Installation
You need to edit your /etc/inetd.conf and /etc/services to enable SWAT to be launched via inetd.
In /etc/services you need to add a line like this:
swat 901/tcp
Note for NIS/YP and LDAP users - you may need to rebuild the NIS service maps rather than alter your local /etc/services file.
the choice of port number isn't really important except that it should be less than 1024 and not currently used (using a number above 1024 presents an obscure security hole depending on the implementation details of yourinetd daemon).
In /etc/inetd.conf you should add a line like this:
swat stream tcp nowait.400 root /usr/local/samba/sbin/swat swat
Once you have edited /etc/services and /etc/inetd.conf you need to send a HUP signal to inetd. To do this use kill -1 PID where PID is the process ID of the inetd daemon.
LAUNCHING
To launch SWAT just run your favorite web browser and point it at "http://localhost:901/".
Note that you can attach to SWAT from any IP connected machine but connecting from a remote machine leaves your connection open to password sniffing as passwords will be sent in the clear over the wire.
FILES
/etc/inetd.conf
This file must contain suitable startup information for the meta-daemon.
/etc/services
This file must contain a mapping of service name (e.g., swat) to service port (e.g., 901) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).
/usr/local/samba/lib/smb.conf
This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server configuration file that swat edits. Other common places that systems install this file are /usr/samba/lib/smb.conf and /etc/smb.conf . This file describes all the services the server is to make available to clients.
WARNINGS
swat will rewrite your smb.conf(5) file. It will rearrange the entries and delete all comments, include= and copy= options. If you have a carefully crafted smb.conf then back it up or don't use swat!
VERSION
This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.
SEE ALSO
inetd(5), smbd(8), smb.conf(5)
AUTHOR
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.

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