getc() - I/O Function

How is "getc()" used in C++?


getc() is an I/O function equivalent to fgetc() also expects a stream as parameter, but getc may be implemented as a macro. This function is used to return the next character from the input stream then increases the file position indicator. The character read by this function is a unsigned char which is converted to an integer. If the End-of-File is reached or a reading error occurs the function returns EOF.


int getc (FILE *stream);

Example :

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
int c;
int count;
FILE *stri = fopen("getceg.txt", "r");
while( c != EOF )
c = getc(stri);
if (c == 'A') count++;
printf ("File contains %dA.\n", count);
return 0;

Result :

File has the character A 3 times.

In the above example the function is used to get every character of a text file till EOF. A loop is used to find the number of times the char 'A' is found in the file. The content of the text file is "ABCA1@@ABNM".

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