mv command which is short for move. It is used to move/rename file from one directory to another. mv command is different from cp command as it completely removes the file from the source and moves to the directory specified, where cp command just copies the content from one file to another.
The Syntax is
mv [-f] [-i] oldname newname
This will not prompt before overwriting (equivalent to --reply=yes). mv -f will move the file(s) without prompting even if it is writing over an existing target.
Prompts before overwriting another file.
To Rename / Move a file:
mv file1.txt file2.txt
This command renames file1.txt as file2.txt
To move a directory
mv hscripts tmp
In the above line mv command moves all the files, directories and sub-directories from hscripts folder/directory to tmp directory if the tmp directory already exists. If there is no tmp directory it rename's the hscripts directory as tmp directory.
To Move multiple files/More files into another directory
mv file1.txt tmp/file2.txt newdir
This command moves the files file1.txt from the current directory and file2.txt from the tmp folder/directory to newdir.